Thomas McBride surrendered his rifle to Jacob Rogers, who shot McBride with his own gun. Sheriff J.H. Citizen groups and vigilantes meet in upper counties and resolve to assist Daviess and Carroll counties in bringing alleged Mormon criminals to justice.  Mormons felt that the compromise only excluded major settlements in Clay County and Ray County, not Daviess County and Carroll County. This triggered a brawl between the bystanders. Lathrop wrote "I was compeled [sic] to leave my home my house was thronged with a company of armed men consisting of fourteen in number and they abusing my family in allmost [sic] every form that Creturs [sic] in the shape of human Beeings [sic] could invent. Although a short war, it affected more than ten thousand Mormons in Missouri. At 8:00 am, Joseph sent word to Far West to surrender.. Eventually, the large portion of the Mormons regrouped and founded a new city in Illinois which they called Nauvoo. John C. Bennett, a disaffected Mormon, reported that Smith had offered a cash reward to anyone who would assassinate Boggs, and that Smith had admitted to him that Rockwell had done the deed. , Meanwhile, a group of non-Mormons from Clinton, Platte, and other counties began to harass Mormons in Daviess County, burning outlying homes and plundering property.  Their economic cohesion allowed the Mormons to dominate local economies. Two members of the Far West High Council, George M. Hinkle and John Murdock, were sent to take possession of the town and to begin to colonize it. Major General Samuel D. Lucas marched the state militia to Far West and laid siege to the Mormon headquarters. , When about thirty Latter Day Saints approached the polling place, a Missourian named Dick Weldon declared that in Clay County the Mormons had not been allowed to vote, "no more than negroes."  Ignoring this counsel, Judge Higby, a Mormon judge in Caldwell County called out the Caldwell militia, led by Colonel George M. Hinkle.  Mormon dissenters from Daviess County who had fled to Livingston County reportedly told Livingston County militia under Colonel Thomas Jennings that Mormons were gathering at Haun's Mill to mount a raid into Livingston County. The 1838 Mormon War, also known as the Missouri Mormon War, was a conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons in Missouri from August to November 1838, the first of the three "Mormon Wars". (1)-- September 12, 1838 [Joseph Smith] Far West, Missouri. On July 30, citizens of Carroll County met in Carrollton to discuss the Mormon colonization of De Witt. Mormon leader John Corrill wrote, "the love of pillage grew upon them very fast, for they plundered every kind of property they could get a hold of. There was scarcely a Missourian's home left standing in the county. Reynolds discovered a revolver at the scene, still loaded with buckshot. " Black later confirmed that he had felt threatened by the large number of hostile armed men. Boggs held strong preconceptions against the Latter Day Saints, dating from the time when both he and they had lived in Jackson County, and the governor believed the reports. In Livingston County, a group of armed men forced Asahel Lathrop from his home, where they held his ill wife and children prisoner. ", The Missourians evicted from their homes were no better prepared than the Mormon refugees had been. King found that there was sufficient evidence to have the defendants appear before a grand jury on misdemeanor charges. Ebenezer Robinson described the scene at Far West, "General Clark made the following speech to the brethren on the public square:...'The orders of the governor to me were, that you should be exterminated, and not allowed to remain in the state, and had your leaders not been given up, and the terms of the treaty complied with, before this, you and your families would have been destroyed and your houses in ashes.'". , Colonel Hinkle rode to the church leaders in Far West and informed them of the offered terms. Boggs held strong preconceptions against the Mormons, dating from the time when both he and they had lived in Jackson County. One woman died of exposure, the other (a woman named Jenson) died in childbirth. Their economic cohesion allowed the Mormons to dominate local economies. Compton, Todd M.; Leland Homer Gentry (2012-01-26). Nathan Tanner reported that his militia company rescued another woman and three small children who were hiding in the bushes as their home burned. Unfortunately, the shop had large gaps between the logs which the Missourians shot into and, as one Mormon later recalled, it became more "slaughter-house rather than a shelter". Reynolds determined the man in question was Orrin Porter Rockwell, a close associate of the Mormon prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. They moved into a blacksmith shop, which they hoped to use as a makeshift defensive fortification. Dunn, acting under the orders of Doniphan, continued on to Adam-ondi-Ahman.  According to one Latter Day Saint witness, the deaths "threw a gloom over the whole place.". Joseph Smith and the other arrested leaders were held overnight under guard in General Lucas' camp, where they were left exposed to the elements. Ironically, as a result of his kindness, he was the only Mormon who was positively identified to have participated in the home burnings. They also sent a request for assistance to Governor Boggs, noting that the mob had threatened "to exterminate them, without regard to age or sex". Samuel Bogart (2 April 1797 – 11 March 1861) was an itinerant Methodist minister and militia captain from Ray County, Missouri who played a prominent role in the 1838 Missouri Mormon War before later moving to Collin County, Texas, where he became a Texas Ranger and a member of the Texas State Legislature. The conflict continued until early November, when the outnumbered Mormons surrendered and agreed to leave the state. , Fearing attack, many citizens of Ray County moved their wives and children across the Missouri River for safety. Atchison said further, "I would respectfully suggest to your Excellency the propriety of a visit to the scene of excitement in person, or at all events, a strong proclamation" as the only way to restore peace and the rule of law. The Missouri Argus published an editorial on December 20, 1838, that public opinion should not permit the Mormons to forcibly be expelled from the state: They cannot be driven beyond the limits of the state—that is certain.  They had also founded the Caldwell County town of Far West as their Missouri headquarters. On September 7, Smith and Lyman Wight appeared before Judge Austin A. ", The Missourians evicted from their homes were no better prepared than the Mormon refugees had been. In all, 17 Latter Day Saints were killed in what came to be called the Haun's Mill Massacre. Agnes Smith, a sister-in-law of Joseph, was chased from her home with two small children when her home was burned. , At the same time, a leadership struggle between the church presidency and Missouri leaders led to the excommunication of several high-placed Mormon leaders, including Oliver Cowdery (one of the Three Witnesses and the church's original "second elder"), David Whitmer (another of the Three Witnesses and Stake President of the Missouri Church), as well as John Whitmer, Hiram Page, William Wines Phelps and others. It should also be noted that none of the participants in the raid ever cited the order as justification for their actions. , LeSueur notes that, along with other setbacks, Boggs' mishandling of the Mormon conflict left him "politically impotent" by the end of his term.. Latter Day Saints established new colonies outside of Caldwell County, including Adam-ondi-Ahman in Daviess County and De Witt in Carroll County.  Other members of the mob opened fire, which sent the Latter Day Saints fleeing in all directions. , Daviess County residents were outraged by the escape of Smith and the other leaders. The conﬂict, popularly known among Missourians as the Mormon War, began when anti-Mormon vigilantes attempted to prevent the Saints from settling in Carroll County. The Mormon War of 1838 between Latter Day Saints and their anti-Mormon Missouri neighbors lasted from August 8, 1838 until November 1, 1938. It did not matter whether or not the Mormons at [Haun's] mill had taken any part in the disturbance which had occurred [in Daviess County]; it was enough that they were Mormons. If ye are faithful, ye shall assemble yourselves together to rejoice upon the land of Missouri, which is the land of your inheritance, which is now the land of your enemies.. , Even Missourians who had been friendly to the Mormons were not spared.  1 The order sought to put a quick end to the conflict by calling for the Mormons to be “exterminated or driven from the State if necessary.” 2. During their period of organization in Missouri, the Danites operated as a vigilante group and took a central role in the events of the 1838 Momon War. , Smith and the other Mormons resettled in Nauvoo, Illinois, beginning in 1839. On October 25, 1838, Apostle David W. Patten led about 60 Mormon cavalrymen to the southern border separating Caldwell and Ray Counties, where three Latter-day Saints had been captured by rogue Missouri militiamen. Shortly after organizing the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1830, Joseph Smith Jr. revealed that the Second Coming of Christ was near, that the City of Zion would be near the town of Independence in Jackson County, Missouri, and that his followers were destined to inherit the land held by the current settlers. ", On October 9, A C Caldwell returned to De Witt to report that the Governor's response was that the "quarrel was between the Mormons and the mob" and that they should fight it out..  Smith believed that Hinkle had betrayed him, but Hinkle maintained his innocence and claimed that he was following Smith's orders. I will not obey your order. He's still alive, ain't he? The gun was found to have been stolen from a local shopkeeper, who identified "that hired man of Ward's" as the most likely culprit. , During a transfer to another prison in the spring of 1839, Smith escaped. King found that there was sufficient evidence to have the defendants appear before a grand jury on misdemeanor charges. The soldiers shot down our oxen, cows, hogs and fowls, at our own doors, taking part away and leaving the rest to rot in the streets. One woman died of exposure, the other (a woman named Jenson) died in childbirth. We’ve got a lot to get through, so let’s jump right in. The Mormon War is a name sometimes given to the 1838 conflict which occurred between Latter Day Saints and their neighbors in northwestern Missouri.This conflict is also sometimes referred to as the Missouri Mormon War to differentiate it from the Utah Mormon War (also known as the "Utah War") and the less well known Illinois Mormon War. 1 While anti-Mormon vigilantes targeted and sometimes killed noncombatant Latter-day Saints, ... Related Topics: Mormon-Missouri War of 1838, Extermination Order, Hawn’s Mill Massacre.  One resolution passed by the Quincy town council read: Resolved: That the gov of Missouri, in refusing protection to this class of people when pressed upon by an heartless mob, and turning upon them a band of unprincipled Militia, with orders encouraging their extermination, has brought a lasting disgrace upon the state over which he presides.. Later that day, the Carroll County forces sealed off the town. which rallied the Mormons and allowed them to drive off their opponents.. Although Mormons won the battle, they took heavier casualties than the Militia, only one of whom, Moses Rowland, was killed. The state militia broke ranks and fled across the river. Tensions built up between the rapidly-growing Mormon community and the earlier settlers for a number of reasons: These tensions led to harassment and mob violence against the Mormon settlers. The militia promptly arrested Smith and the other leaders.  The militia was disbanded in late November.. Around 200 non-Mormons gathered in Gallatin on election day to prevent Mormons from voting. The Mormons divided into three columns led by David W. Patten, Charles C. Rich, and James Durphee.  The crowd dispersed, and the Mormons returned to their homes. " The text of this speech was endorsed by Joseph Smith, who appeared at the event and participated in the raising of a liberty pole. Austin A.  Latter Day Saint refugees began to flee to Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection and shelter against the upcoming winter. They also reported the existence of the Danite group among the Mormons and repeated a popular rumor that a group of Danites was planning to attack and burn Richmond and Liberty. I will not obey your order. The refinement, the charity of our age, will not brook it.. When faced with the Mormon refugees from Missouri, the people of Quincy, Illinois, were outraged by the treatment the Mormons had experienced. (jwha.info 2010) Boggs survived, but Mormons came under immediate suspicion. , None of the Missourians were ever prosecuted for their role in the Haun's Mill Massacre. Click the image for an enlarged map illustrating the Battle of Crooked River. ", On October 1, the mob burned the home and stables of Smith Humphrey. King, judge of the Fifth judicial circuit of the state of Missouri, at the Court-house in Richmond, in a criminal court of inquiry, begun November 12, 1838, on the trial of Joseph Smith, Jr., and others, for high treason and other crimes against the state. , At the start of the brawl, Mormon John Butler let out a call, "Oh yes, you Danites, here is a job for us!" Finally, the Mormons who had taken up arms were to leave the state. , When the Mormons arrived on the scene, the State Militia unit was camped along Crooked River in the Bunkham's Strip just south of Caldwell County.  They asked if the rumor was true, and demanded that he sign a document disavowing any connection to the vigilance committees.  Judge Austin A King, who had been assigned the cases of the Mormons charged with offenses during the conflict, warned "If you once think to plant crops or to occupy your lands any longer than the first of April, the citizens will be upon you: they will kill you every one, men, women and children.". General Parks arrived with the Ray County militia on October 6, but his order to disperse was ignored by the mob. Judge Josiah Morin and Samuel McBrier, both considered friendly to the Mormons, both fled Daviess County after being threatened. La Guerra mormona es el nombre dado al conflicto de 1838 el cual ocurrió entre los Santos de los Últimos Días y sus vecinos de la región noroeste del estado norteamericano de Misuri.También se denomina a este conflicto como Guerra mormona de Misuri para diferenciarlo de la Guerra mormona de Utah (también conocida como Guerra de Utah) y la menos conocida Guerra mormona de Illinois. Other Mormons, fearing similar retribution by the Missourians, gathered into Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection. The Missourians and their families, outnumbered by the Mormons, made their way to neighboring counties. My brigade shall march for Liberty to-morrow morning, at 8 o'clock, and if you execute those men, I will hold you responsible before an earthly tribunal, so help me God!
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